National animals of any country are selected depending upon the tradition, cultures, mythology and ecology. It is a symbol of a country and expressed an image of that nation in front of the world. The Pakistan national animal is “Markhor” and Pakistan national bird is “Chukar Partridge”. Markhor is a wild goat species that can endure the mountainous regions like Gilgit Baltistan and closely resembles the domesticated goats. This article will tell you details about Pakistan National animals, Markhor facts and the national bird of Pakistan named Chukar Partridge.
The word Markhor derives from a Persian language. The meaning of Mar is “Snake”, and Khor stands for “Eater”. The reason behind this name of this curved-horned, animal is that it has the ability to kill snakes. The spiral horns of Markhor are coil-snake shaped. Both male and female Markhor have corkscrew type horns. Male horns grew up to 63 inches while female horns have a maximum length of 10 inches. Other sub-species of Markhor includes Astor Markhor or flare horned Markhor, Kabul Markhor, and Bukharan Markhor.
Pakistan National Animal Markhor Facts:
- Common Name: Markhor, Ladaki
- Trinomen: Capra Falconeri
- Found In: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan
- Habitat: Lightly forested mountain areas
- Main Prey: Grasses, Leaves, Herb, Wolves, Snakes
- Average Length: 140-190 cm
- Average Weight: Males- 80-110 kg and Females: 30-40 kg
- Average Lifespan: 10-13 years
- Average Speed: 10 miles per hour
- Conservation Status: Endangered
- Current Number: 2500 most probably
- Lives In: Northern and central Pakistan
Markhor has been selected as a national animal of Pakistan by Inter-Service Intelligence ISI as a sign of bravery. Like ISI protect the citizens of the country, Markhor protect human beings from poisonous snakes. In year 2018, Pakistan International Airlines PIA also applied a logo of Markhor on its tail to depict the uniqueness of Pakistan.
Fear of Extinction:
- Unfortunately Markhor is getting extinct with the passage of time. They have become a target of natural predators like snow leopards and wolves and they have shrunk to the point that Markhor lives for only nine years. In order to save them from this danger, we have to protect this precious national animal of Pakistan and save them from getting an endangered species.
- Natural disasters are another main reason behind their extinction. Floods, land sliding and rolling stones, sometimes kill them and put this breed in danger.
- People in northern areas like Gilgit and Chitral have fond of hunting this national animal of Pakistan Markhor. Thus, the human has become predator of this beautiful animal. There should be a complete ban on Markhor hunting.
- One of the main facts behind hunting Markhor is to get the Markhor horns trophy in award. Secondly, the horns are used in medicines for the Asian Marketers. Thirdly, people love to eat Markhor meat.
- There is a law in KPK against the illegal hunt of Markhor and different punishments have been assigned. A person who hunts this Pakistan national animal, has to pay the price of PKR 3,500,000. In case a foreigner does this illegal act, he will be charged with dollar $6500.
Apart from above mentioned valid or invalid reasons, we have to sign a petition to ban Markhor hunting and save this unique national animal of Pakistan.
Chukar Partridge is the Pakistan national bird which is also commonly known as “Chakar”. It belonged to Europe and Asia and you can call this bird as a Eurasian, a game bird from hilly areas. Chukar Partridge is from the Pheasant family of Phasianidae. The size of this national bird of Pakistan is between 32-35 cm ranges. Chukar Partridge cannot fly in a long distance and it has a rounded red-legged partridge.
Some facts about Chukar Partridge are as follows:
- Common Name: Chakor
- Scientific name: Alectoris chukar
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Chordata
- Class: Aves
- Order: Galliformes
- Family: Phasiianidae
- Genus: Alectoris
- Species: A. Chukar
- Found in: Pakistan to Afganistan
- Habitat: Prefer rocky, steep, and open hillsides
- Average Length: 34–38 cm;
- Average Weight: Male 538–765 g; female 367-538g
- Average Lifespan: 2-5 years in wild
- Average Speed: 20 km/h
Sometimes, Chukar stands as a symbol of love and intensity and this national bird of Pakistan is in love with the moon and gaze at it constantly.
However, there are many organizations who are playing an important role in saving and protecting this precious gift of nature. These include WWF, KPK wildlife, Biodiversity and Pakistan Zoological Society.
We have to protect this amazing national animal and bird from natural and human disasters like flooding and hunting. These organizations are trying hard to protect Markhor and Chukar, from going endanger. Wildlife department should make conservation efforts and start campaings to bring awareness among local community in order to save this national animal from extinction.