Sadaqah is a charity that a person gives out voluntarily. It is not only money, but the different types of Sadaqah include money, food, clothes, a piece of advice or even a smile. Hadith says the “Behtreen“ or the best Sadaqah is the one which is given secretly and with pure intention. For Allah, the intention behind Sadaqah matters a lot more than its monetary value. The benefits of Sadaqah are not only for the receiver, but the giver gets an abundance of everything too.
‘Generosity is near to Allah, near to Paradise, near to the people, and far from the Hellfire…’ (Tirmidhi)
The Arabic word Sadaqa stems from the Arabic root Sidq which means sincerity. Charity is a good deed that is done only to please Allah. The Behtreen Sadaqah is the one which is given secretly.
Sadaqah in the Quran:
Allah constantly reminds the Muslims to give out charity and be kind to each other. Sadaqah is mentioned 13 times in the Holy Quran, It is one of the most loved acts of worship. Allah will deprive usury of all blessing but will give increase for deeds of charity.
It is mentioned in the Quran that gives from what we have given you. And that the orphans and poor have a right in our wealth. And it is not an ehsaan on the poor rather their share in the wealth of the poor.
It is mentioned in the Quran that saying kind words and covering the faults of others is better than charity followed by hurt (hurting someone). The purity of intention makes a Sadaqa Behtreen (best).
Hadith about Sadaqah:
The messenger of Allah encouraged his companions to take care of other Muslims, neighbors, their families, and even plants and animals. He said the best among you, are those who are good with their families and I am the best with my family.
Mohammad S.A.W has stressed so much on charity and being nice to others. Not only did he encouraged his companions and the Muslims to indulge in the different types of Sadaqa. He set the example himself. He would go hungry for three days straight, but never tell a needy person off.
‘None of you have faith until you love for your neighbor what you love for yourself.’ (Muslim)
Who should we give Sadaqah to:
Our family has the biggest right on us. Parents, siblings, close relatives are most deserving of our charity and good deeds. Behtreen Sadaqah is the money and time you spend on your family.
‘He is not a Muslim whose stomach is full while his neighbor goes hungry.’ (Muslim)
Types of Sadaqah:
Worry not if you are not much affluent and cannot give a lot of money in Sadaqah. One can earn the benefits of Sadaqah by indulging in other types of Sadaqah.
There are various different types of Sadaqah defined in the hadith and the Quran, these are:
- Spreading knowledge is charity
- Giving sincere advice is a type of Sadaqah
- It is an act of charity to say a kind word or to smile at a fellow Muslim
- It is a Sadaqah to share food
- Giving your time and energy to a good cause is also Sadaqah
- Having patience in times of trials is also an act of charity
- Tarbiyah of your family and children
From this list, you can see anything we give with pure intentions to help others is a Sadaqah. And it holds a great value in the eyes of our Lord, Allah.
The benefits of giving Sadaqah:
Rasool Allah S.A.W never hesitated to help anyone. He did not wait until he had a lot of money or some special food. Instead, the messenger of Allah shared from whatever little money or food he had. In fact, he was the most generous of all people, he would give food in charity even when he had only little to eat. He felt overjoyed at having a chance. he says in a hadith about Sadaqah,
‘Blessed is the wealth of the Muslim, from which he gives to the poor, the orphan and the wayfarer.’ (Muslim)
The messenger of Allah has announced so many rewards for the people who go out of their way to help others. Especially the orphans, Rasool Allah said those who will take care of an orphan and nurture him till he grows up. Will be together like two fingers, with the Holy Prophet peace and blessing be upon him, on the day of judgment.
Rasool Allah also said, ‘The person who assists and takes care of the widow… is like the person who is striving in the path of Allah…’ (Bukhari; Muslim)
Allah holds immense rewards for those who give Sadaqah. So, be generous and give your time, energy and money for the betterment of people and earn splendid benefits of Sadaqa from Allah.