The Night of Qadar:
Shab-e-Qadar is a night of Decree, Power, Value, Measures and Destiny. Laylat-al-Qadar is the most blessed night of the year, praying and doing ibadah on the night of qadar is better than praying a thousand months. On this night the last Holy book, the Quran was sent down from the LOH-E-MEHFOOZ (the Preserved Tablet) to the earth.
A tradition goes back to Hazrat Ibn e Abbas, according to which the Quran was sent to the first sky from the seventh sky in the night of Qadar and from there it was then sent to the prophet peace be upon him in parts.
In this night the decisions are handed over the angels to execute for the rest of their year and the greatest decision by Allah to send a book and guidance for the mankind was taken on this night too.
The Night of Qadar in Quran:
In the Sorah-e-Qadar of the Quran, Allah says that he is the one who sent the Quran in the night of Qadar.
بِسمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحمٰنِ الرَّحيمِ
إِنَّا أَنْزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْقَدْرِ
وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ
لَيْلَةُ الْقَدْرِ خَيْرٌ مِنْ أَلْفِ شَهْرٍ
تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ مِنْ كُلِّ أَمْرٍ
سَلَامٌ هِيَ حَتَّى مَطْلَعِ الْفَجْرِ
1. Verily! We have sent it (this Qur’an) down in the night of Al-Qadar (Decree)
2. And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is?
3. The night of Al-Qadar (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. Worshipping Allah in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months, i.e. 83 years and 4 months).
4. Therein descend the angels and the Ruh [Jibrael (Gabriel)] by Allah’s Permission with all Decrees,
5. Peace! (All that night, there are Peace and Goodness from Allah to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn.
And in the Sorah Dukhan Allah mention this Power Night of Qadar again:
إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَاهُ فِي لَيْلَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنذِرِينَ
بیشک ہم نے اسے ایک بابرکت رات میں اتارا ہے بیشک ہم ڈر سنانے والے ہیں
Surely, We have sent it down in a blessed night. Surely, We are the Warner.
( ad-Dukhān, 44 : 3)
Ibadah in Shab-e-Qadar:
The prophet (Blessings of Allah and peace be on him) would strive hard in the month of Ramadan to earn the blessings of Allah. But in the last 10 nights he worked even harder. He would do ibadah in seclusion doing aitikaf.
He told his blessed companions and all the Muslims to look for the night of Qadar in the odd numbered nights, in the last ten nights of Ramzan. Therefore, the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th night of Ramadan could be Shab-e-Qadar.
Hazrat Aisha Radiallah Anha stated that Rasool Allah, peace be upon him said, “Look for Lailat-Ul-Qadar in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadhan.” (Bukhari)
Hazrat Aisha Radiallah Anha stated that as much Rasool Allah, peace be upon him tried (Ibadat) in the last Ashra (ten days) of Ramadhan, did not try in any of the Ashra.” (Muslim)
Hazrat Aisha Radiallah Anha stated that I asked Rasool Allah, peace be upon him, “If I find Lailatul Qadar then what should I do? HE peace be upon him said, recite this Dua.
“ALLAH HUMMA INNAKA A’FUVUN TOHIB BUL A’FVA FA’AFU ‘ANNI” (Tirmidhi)
“O Allah! You are the Forgiver and You like forgiving, so forgive me”
What to do on the Shab-e-qadar?
Praying in the night of Qadar and making use of this night is better than a whole lifetime spent praying. Dear brothers and sisters in Islam, make sure to take advantage of the last two odd nights. From sunset to sunrise, pray nawafil, give charity, recite salawat, repent and make sincere Dua. Since we don’t know if we will be living to enjoy the blessings of Ramazan the next year.