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Mosques are a sacred place of worship for all the Muslims. In every country and city, there are many mosques present for Muslims. Likewise, in India there is a famous mosque “Jama Masjid Delhi”. Here is all the detail of the largest mosque in India, Jama Masjid Delhi and the Mughal architecture. Jama masjid history is very enriched as this is one of the largest mosque in India.
Largest Mosque in india
Jama Masjid Delhi architecture plan is similar to the Badshahi masjid, Lahore, Pakistan. The only difference between the two mosques is that Shah Jahan built the largest mosque in India, Jama Masjid Delhi. On the other hand, Badshahi Mosque, Lahore was built by a son of Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb.
The mosque is called Jama, which is derived from the word “Jumma” means FRIDAY. Jama masjid or Friday mosque is also known as “Jahan Numa”, which means “mosque commanding view of the world”.
HISTORY OF JAMA MASJID DELHI:
The History behind the Jama Masjid Delhi is very interesting because it includes all the amazing factors like how this beautiful Mosque came into being. Between 1650 and 1656 the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built this amazing Jama Masjid.
It was amazingly constructed by a lot of workers like more than 5000. Originally, it was called Masjid e Jahan Numa. The whole construction was done during the era of Shah Jahan’s reign.
It was done under the control of Saadullah Khan Wazir. The overall cost of construction was about 1 million rupees at that time. The beautiful and mesmerizing Taj Mahal at Agra and also the Red Fort in New Delhi were also built by the Shah Jahan.
Source: OpenLearn from The Open University
The inauguration was done by the Imam Syed Abdul Ghafoor Shah Bukhari on 23 July 1656. Moreover, there is a lot of space in the courtyard and it can accommodate 25,000 people. Viewing the Jama masjid architecture will remind you of the history behind the mosque of Old Delhi.
WHY JAMA MASJID IS FAMOUS FOR?
Jama Masjid Delhi is famous for its whole architecture. Its manufacturing is so fascinating and this is the reason Muslims and tourists love this mosque. The way of construction, its history, and architecture have made this Masjid famous.
2006 Mosque Explosion:
In 2006, on April 14, the largest Mosque in India, Jama Masjid Delhi was attacked. There were two explosions which occurred after the prayer on Friday. The two explosions occurred immediately one after the other.
But, the mystery was not clear how it happened. There was an anger among all people. However, the Imam Bukhari addressed to the people to stay calm.
2010 Mosque Attack:
In 2010, on 15th September Jama Masjid was again under attack by gunmen. They fired on the bus, which was parked near the gate three of the Masjid.
Consequently, Delhi police arrested almost six members of the Indian Mujahideen in November 2011. They were arrested for attacking Jama Masjid Delhi.
FACTS AND JAMA MASJID DELHI ARCHITECTURE
Jama Masjid is one of the largest Mosque in India. Here are some interesting facts about Jama Masjid Delhi architecture.
- There are four towers inside it and two minarets of 40m. JAMA MASJID Delhi is about 261 feet long and almost 90 feet wide, with many portions out there.
- They were constructed with the help of strips of red sandstone and white marble. There are three gates and a lot of upstairs all made by the red sandstone and marble.
- Basically, there are three sides of the mosque. The north and south gate has a number of steps. The north gate has 39 steps and the South side has 33 steps. There is eastern gate which has 35 steps and is called a royal entrance.
- There is also beautiful art of calligraphy which increases the beauty of Masjid of Delhi Jama. It is an artistic structure which attracts everyone to come and offer prayer.
- The prayer hall is so wide that it is 61 meters high in length and the breadth is 27.5 meters. The architecture of Jama masjid comprises of several marble domes and high pointed arches.
- The floor of the mosque is all covered with ornamented white and black marble to look like a prayer mat for Muslims.
- The mosque houses a number of antiquities. Some of them are Quran-old transcript written on the skin of a deer. Other ancient and holy relics include footmarks, sandals and red beard-hair of Holy Prophet Mohammad PBUH.
- There is a huge courtyard inside it. Moreover, it has become a homeland for a lot of pigeons. These pigeons provide a breathtaking sight, when they fly together in a mass.
As we know that there are some rules of entering in Mosque so you have to follow some, while entering inside the JAMA MASJID Delhi. You should have to wear full pants and you should be fully covered in respect.
On Friday, it is usually crowded and there is no entry fee, but they usually charge for no reason. So, you should be aware of these kind of people. And if you want to take a camera with you, they will charge you 300 Rupees.
Further, there was a Madrasa right near the southern end of the Mosque. Unfortunately, it was brutally destroyed during the British revolt in 1857.
Jama Masjid Food Items:
Near Jama Masjid Delhi there is a place which serves some good non-vegetarian and vegetarian food so that no one would face difficulty in eating.
A Haveli that is converted into a cafe with indoor and outdoor seating. You will Love the ambience of the place and delicious food available there. Some of the food items are mentioned below.
- Spring Roll – filled with cabbage and Noodles, served with chili sauce.
- Ferrero Rocher Shake – Thick and good with Ferrero Rocher Chocolate in it.
- Pineapple Cobbler is another drink, which is very refreshing.
- Veg Shami Kebabs – Kebabs are soft and tasty.
- Walled City Cafe Aloo Chaat is their specialty and It is a must try food item.
- In Main Course, you will find Dal Makhani, which is thick and creamy. It is accompanied by soft Stuffed Kulcha and Garlic Naan.
- Veg Biryani is served with Raita and Mirchi ka Salan. It is rich in flavor and veggies
Is Jama Masjid Delhi a World Heritage Site?
Among the biggest mosques in India, assembled from red sandstone and marble by significantly more than 5,000 artisans, Jama Masjid is undoubtedly an extraordinary sight. Plus, being built between 1644 and 1658, It’s one of the best architectural works of the Mughal Emperor, ShahJahan
Can a Non-Muslim visit Jama Masjid?
Jama Masjid is a very famous historical landmark in Delhi. There are lots of Non Muslims and foreigner visitors that roam around freely and even they can click images within the Masjid. If you’re a non vegetarian, then have a look at the eateries across the Masjid.
What is the Speciality of Jama Masjid?
Jama Masjid is Delhi’s main mosque, the place where the city’s Muslims normally gather for Friday communal prayer; Jama Masjid is for”Friday mosque.” The mosque is close to the Red Fort, and it is still another famed fort assembled by ShahJahan.
In short, Jama Mosque, Delhi, India is a place one should visit to witness the historic antiquities and as a sign of holiness.