HIV outbreak, Larkana, WHO

HIV outbreak in Ratodero area of Larkana on 3rd June, 2019 and the team WHO (world health organisation) declared a Grade 2 Emergency in this regard to overcome it. The most active and energetic team of WHO has declared that there is an inadequate stock of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART/ARV) medicines which have become a great challenge for us.

They said that there is an insufficient amount of medicines which lasts till 15 July 2019 to meet the needs of 240 children. The stock of medicines available will help but only for few children because HIV patients are increasing enormously and now it has become a big challenge for us to save people by full filling the need for medicines.

HIV Outbreak, a Fatal Disease 

HIV remains one of the most serious and fatal diseases. In 2017 almost 1.8 million people were infected and almost 940,000 died all across the world. WHO report mentioned that there are approximately total 751(2.9%) people tested positive for HIV including a large range of children, adults but all of them are not receiving Anti-Retroviral Treatment at the moment.

The WHO expert team says that it requires almost US$ 1.5 million or Rs. 225 million to deal with this life-threatening disease in Ratodero Taluka of Larkana but we have less amount of funds of US$ 200,000 through CFE. There is a gap of funding which should be completed sooner.

The Government of Pakistan should take some measures and make a plan to meet the need of medicines ARTs/ARVs for their rest of lives.

As time is passing HIV is becoming a disastrous disease. The WHO (world health organisation) team received the request of GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN to support the provincial health department to conduct the broad and detailed inquiry of the current arising outbreak in Larkana. By following the request of government WHO established and organized a team of experts comprising of epidemiologist, pediatric HIV treatment experts, supply chain management experts and laboratory experts.

The report says that currently the team is in the field and the report of their findings is expected in mid-June 2019. The WHO team of experts advised the provincial health authorities to introduce a systematic screening of HIV in affected areas of the country. They should also conduct and manage the health awareness sessions in communities about HIV/AIDs targeting at-risk groups.

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