Amir Khusro is a beloved Sufi poet of the Indian subcontinent. He is among the first few poets to write in the Hindavi language. The poetry, songs, and qawwali by Amir Khusro have literally been a part of our culture. Most of Amir Khusro’s poetry, riddles, and Amir khusro quotes are used as common idioms. He is the representation of a time when Dehli or the beloved Dilli was a center of culture and literature. Amir Khusro has written a number of books too. And as it goes many books have been written on him too. Amir Khusro poetry reflects poems about life and is considered the best Sufi poetry.
Amir Khusro poetry & Early years
Father of Amir Khusro, Amir Saif Ud Din was a Turk refugee from Samarqand. He was given a fief in the state of Patiyali (Uttar Pradesh) by the Sultan. He married into a Hindu family and was blessed with four children. Sadly, he died when Amir Khusro was only 7 years old.
And thus, the children moved in with his maternal grandparents. Living within an Indian household brought Amir Khusro closer to Indian cultures and traditions.
Khusro and Khwaja Nizam Ud Din Auliya
Nizam-Ud-Din Auliya is a famous mystic of his time. Amir Khusro met him at a young age and developed a lifelong bond of love, admiration, and respect. In Amir Khusro’s later years’ poetry and quotes, we see constant references to Khawaja Nizam-Ud-Din Auliya. The poetry he wrote to praise his spiritual mentor is more beautiful than the poetry he wrote for the sultans.
The songs, riddles, and qawwali by Amir Khusro are quoted everywhere and have played a great role in the development of language in India and Pakistan.
The Father of Qawwali
Amir Khusro blended the traditional Indian, Arabic, Persian, and Turk musical traditions to create Sama or Qawwali. A new kind of spiritual music. It is still famous all around the world and most of Khusro’s poetry is still sung at the Mehfil-e-Sama held at the Sufi shrines and the mystical gatherings.
Amir Khusro Songs
Amir Khusro wrote many beautiful songs of love. The love he writes about is more spiritual. But he uses the metaphor of worldly love. The young girl’s desires, A new bride missing her parents, and a lover going crazy to meet the beloved.
Amir Khusro Poems About Life
For the longest time, Amir Khusro’s songs and Poems have been an integral part of the wedding celebrations. His poetry and Poems about life are considered to be the best in the Sufi world. Amir khusro poems about life give motivation and hope that God is there and one should be hopeful.
Kaahay ko biyaahi bides, ray, lakhi baabul moray,
Kaahay ko biyaahi bides……..
Bhayiyon ko diye babul mehlay do-mehlay,
Hum ko diya pardes, ray, lakhi babul……
Hum to hain babul teray khoontay ki gayyan,
Jid haankay hank jaayen, ray, lakhi babul……
Hum to hain babul teray belay ki kaliyan,
Ghar ghar maangi jaayen, ray lakhi babul……
Hum to hain babul teray pinjray ki chidiyan,
Bhor bhaye ud jaayen, ray, lakhi babul……
Taaqon bhari mainay gudiyan jo chhoReeN
Chhoota sahelin ka saath, ray lakhi babul……
Kothay talay say palakiya jo nikli,
Beeran nay khaayi pachhaR, ray, lakhi babul…..
Dolee ka parda uthakar jo dekha,
Aaya piya ka des, ray, lakhi babul moray.
Kaahay ko biyaahi bides, ray, lakhi baabul moray.
Kaahay ko biyaahi bides……..
Amir Khusro’s Riddles
Riddles are a part of the culture of the Indian subcontinent. Amir Khusro poetry like riddles is famous for their play of words. As well as, intelligent use of the dual meanings.
“Deh na dekhi, naram kahaaye
Buraa lagay aur hansi bhi aaye”
(Invisible, but they call it tender
Feels bad, but it evokes laughter)
Let’s see if you can find the answer to this one.
Amir Khusro “The parrot of India”
Amir Khusro started writing poetry at an early age and published his first book at the age of 20. Almost none of his contemporaries have the interminable use of original ideas, fluency, the play of words, and the everlasting freshness in their works. He compiled all his poetry himself. All 5 of his diwans are complete with a preface and a detailed introduction.
Amir Khusro quotes and couplets are found written on the buildings, goblets, and paintings.
Unlike the tradition of his time, Amir Khusro used recent events and achievements of the Sultans to write poetry about them. His Masnavi “Nuh Sipiar” or Nine skies that he wrote in the praise of Sultan Ghyas Ud din Tuglaq is a masterpiece.
A 12th-century poet Nizami Gajnavi introduced Khamsa. Ameer Khusro said and we quote, “I wrote such a beautiful version of Khamsa that It will rock the Nizami’s grave”
Amir Khusro wrote 5 books of elegant prose. They give a detailed account of the culture and traditions of his time. His books also cover the court details and the praises of the Sultans he Served.
Frequently Asked Questions
Who is the father of Amir Khusro?
Amir Khusro is today regarded as one of the best poets of all time. His poetry was mesmerizing. There are many Amir khusro books available for people to read. The father of this legend poet was Mr. Amīr Sayf -ud-Din Mahmud.
Was Amir Khusro married?
The famous poet, Amir khusro married Bibi Daulatnaz, daughter of Rawat Arz, a famous war pastor of balban. Amir khusro was married in the year 1252-1253 CE in Patiala. Amir khusro has 4 children, 3 sons, and 1 daughter. In some of Amir Khusro’s poetry, he has mentioned details about his married life.
Who patronized the famous Persian poet Amir Khusro?
Abu’l Hasan Yamīn ud-Dīn Khusrau also known as Amir Khusro, was a Sufi singer, poet, and scholar from India. He was patronized by 3 Khiliji rulers successively. There are many Amir khusro books, which people can read and feel the magic of his writing.
What is the main contribution of Amir Khusro to the world of literature?
Amir khusro( 1253-1325), was a very famous poet, scholar, and Sufi singer. He was associated with the royal courts of more than 7 rulers of Delhi sultanate. He had written an abundant of riddles and songs, which are being used in South Asia today, He is also considered as the father of qawwali and it is due to him that qawwali is extremely famous in India and Pakistan.
Who was Amir Khusro?
Amir khusro was a Sufi mystic and is considered as one of the greatest poets of all time. His lifespan was 72 years and out of these 72 years, 60 were spent in the courts of 10 rulers of the Delhi sultanate. He used to do poetry in Persian language and wrote about half a million verses in Persian and other languages. Amir khusro’s poetry and books are available for people to read and be impressed by his writing.
Where was Amir Khusro born?
Amir khusro, the famous musician and poet, was born in 1253 in the city of Patiala. In Amir khusro’s books, he has mentioned details regarding his teenage life and how he used to spend his time in the city of Patiala.
Where is Amir Khusro buried?
Amir khusro, the parrot of India, died in 1325. His mir Khusro tomb is situated in the Nizamuddin Dargah complex in New Delhi. The place has now been developed into a dargah , ( Shrine ) and many people visit his tomb.
Who Killed Amir Khusro?
Amir khusro, the legendary poet, was captured and beheaded in 1325 by Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq. In one of Amir Khusro’s books, he has mentioned details about the reign of Ghiyath al-Din Tughlaq and that of other Tughlaq rulers.
He has written thousands of couplets about life and times in the Indian subcontinent. His work has reached the height of popularity that Amir Khusro’s poetry, quotes, and riddles have become a part of the spoken language. His famous couplets adorn many buildings of the Mughal era.